Bowling Glossary

 
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ALL
A
ABC
American Bowling Congress official rule making body for ten pin bowling for its members in the US, Canada, Puerto Rico and US military bases worldwide; founded in 1895 and headquartered in Greendale, Wisconsin, 5301 S. 76th Street 53129
ACTION
Spin on the ball and the movement of the pins caused by that spin. A relatively slow ball with a lot of action can be much more effective than a very fast ball with little action. Pins flying and mixing, ending with a good makeable leave. Bowling for money, usually one-on-one.
ACTIVITY
Recreational or leisure in nature. Generally fun and less physically and psychologically challenging. Not usually inducing a consistent overload to the muscles or a training effect to the cardiovascular system, though do provide some forms of physical fitness benefits. Often sport oriented.
ADDRESS
The bowler's stance before beginning the approach.
ADJUSTMENT
The changing of part of your game to be more competitive on the particular lane and/or lane condition you are bowling. This can mean an alignment change, equipment change, or even changes in your physical or mental game; some are subtle, others more pronounced. If you are not able to adjust, you will not reach your potential. If you fail to try to adjust, you are doomed to repeat your mistakes.
ADULT BUMPER BOWLING
A term used to describe a lane condition that is very easy.
AEROBIC EXERCISE
Exercise utilizing oxygen and body fats as the main energy source. Endurance in nature and usually at submaximal levels.
AJBC
American Junior Bowling Congress former governing body for junior bowlers; since replaced by the Young American Bowling Alliance (YABA)
ALL EVENTS
A score based on a bowler's combined total from singles, doubles, and team events in a given tournament For example, in a tournament, you bowl 3 games each for team, singles and doubles. The total for the 9 games is your "All Events" total and is eligible for additional prizes.
ALL THE WAY
The act of completing a game with all strikes from a given point in the game.See also "off the sheet" or "XXX'ed out".
ALLEY
Strictly, a group of lanes or the bowling establishment that houses them. Often used, though, to mean a single lane.
AMF
American Machine and Foundry was the original name for the acronym. AMF made the first automatic pinsetter and now is one of the big two bowling firms in the country along with Brunswick. They have a full line of capital equipment and playing equipment for the bowler.
AMF 3 DOT
A hard rubber ball popular in the "old days". It was solid black with three white dots above the bridge. Often used by bowlers to describe how a shot hit the pins if the reaction is poor. i.e., "the ball hits like a three dot." This is to not degrade the ball, it was one of the best; it is that times have changed and hard rubber is just not effective on most lane conditions of today.
ANAEROBIC EXERCISE
Exercise utilizing carbohydrates as the main energy source. Short term habitually requiring maximal efforts of strength or power.
ANCHOR; ANCHOR MAN
The last bowler to roll for a team; usually the team's best bowler. Sometimes used in a derogatory fashion to mean a player that holds you down and prevents you from moving ahead. It originally comes from tug-of-war, where the strongest, heaviest man on the team is stationed at the end as an anchor.
ANGLE
Usually refers to the line a player is throwing; see also "entry angle". The direction at which the ball is traveling when it enters the pocket.
ANKLE SHOT
Hitting your ankle during the delivery. Ankle shots are both undesirable and painful!
APPLE
The bowling ball; see "rock".
APPROACH (WALK OR RUNWAY)
1) The movement of the bowler from address to delivery. 2) The part of the lane behind the foul line where the player takes their steps before releasing the ball behind the foul line, which must be at least 15 feet long.
APPROVED BALL CLEANERS
Under the current rules, once competition starts, it is illegal to put foreign substances (cleaners, polish etc) on the surface of the ball unless it is one of the ABC "approved" substances.
ARC
A type of ball reaction favored by many players in that the ball has a slower continuous hooking action rather than the "skid-snap" reaction of some aggressive balls. Note that if you have a highly aggressive ball that is causing too much over/under reaction, you can tame the ball somewhat by dulling the surface from the shine with a 600 or 800 wet sanded grit.
ARC REACTION
Used to describe the hook action of a ball, regardless of amount, when the hooking action is gradual and not violent. See also "flip".
AREA
A player has "area" if they are able to hit a larger number of boards and still get the ball back to the pocket. Modern high scoring environments can often give a player a 5-8 board area.
AREA BOWLER
A player that uses their instincts to make subconscious adjustments in release as they throw the ball; see also "feel" bowling. More common in today's bowling environment where power is often better than accuracy.
AREA CHECK
A ball that is intentionally thrown too wide or intentionally thrown tighter; the purpose is to check the lanes to see how much area a player has to throw the ball.
ARENA / ARENA BOWLING
In some tournaments the final stepladder finish is held in a special location such as a convention center or auditorium to accommodate more fans; lanes, usually 4 or 6, are installed in the setting much like as a stage; the lanes are taken down and removed from the site at the conclusion of the competition. Due to the very high scores of some finals held in arenas, the term has also come to mean a very easy condition.
ARID
Describes a very dry lane surface.
ARMSWING
The path your arm takes from your pushaway to release. See also "outside in" and "inside out". Generally it is desirable to have your armswing in a consistent plane of movement.
ARROWS
A targeting system comprised of seven aiming points marked in the lane some fifteen feet from the foul line to allow the bowler to determine the correct release point. Can be used to describe to someone else the angle or line a player was using; i.e., "he was playing the third arrow."
ARSENAL
A collection of balls owned by a competitive player such that each ball reacts somewhat differently so that the player can adjust faster to changing lane conditions. Usually an arsenal consists of four or more balls.
ATHLETE
An individual who competes in sport subsequently developing lifestyle habits which enhance sport and athletic performance. May also include such lifestyle habits as specific dietary and training regimens, emotional and stress management, psychological preparation, etc.
AUTOMATIC FOUL DETECTOR
An electric eye device that sets off an alarm if the bowler's foot crosses the foul line.
AXE THE BALL
Usually used in a derogatory fashion as in "You got a lot of wood with that dull axe."
AXIS
Generally the reference is to the positive axis point (PAP), which is the point on the ball where the bowler's release creates the initial axis of rotation.
AXIS LEVERAGE
A drilling pattern with the Center of Gravity located on the bowler's P.A.P. and the pin in the leverage position.
AXIS OF ROTATION
The distance between the translational energy and the rotational energy. In English, the amount of axis tilt that a bowler has.
AXIS TILT
Ranging from 0 to 90 degrees, this is determined by the direction your axis is facing when you release the ball. 0 is parallel to the gutters, 90 is parallel to the foul line. The less axis tilt you have, the sooner the ball will go into a roll. Higher degrees of axis tilt promotes skid. Being able to change your axis tilt using your release style is a very important tool in your scoring arsenal and in your ability to be able to play the lane condition.

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